A healthy gut flora supports digestive health and much more: think enhanced immunity, cardiovascular health, cognitive function, energy, and mental health regulation. When it comes to supporting gut health and beneficial bacteria, two substances stand out of the crowd. They are prebiotics and probiotics. Read on to learn what they are, how they’re different from one another, and how to make them a part of your wellness toolkit!

Prebiotics and Probiotics: What’s the difference?

Here’s a quick debrief on the difference between pre- and probiotics.

Prebiotics: Food for gut bacteria

Prebiotics are fermentable fibers naturally found in various foods. These carbohydrate compounds, such as oligosaccharides, are known to skip digestion in the small intestine and reach the colon instead, where they are fermented by the gut flora and feed healthy bacteria. Inulin, oligofructose, lactulose, and resistant starch (RS) act as prebiotics. So do other isolated carbs and carbohydrate-containing foods, like acacia gum, psyllium, banana, and whole grain wheat.

Probiotics: Live beneficial bacteria cultures

Probiotics are live microorganisms founds in fermented and cultured foods, such as sauerkraut, kimchi, kombucha, yogurt, kefir, miso, and various lacto-fermented pickles. Probiotic strains abound, but the ones most active in our overall health include: Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium along with L. acidophilus, L. casei, L. plantarum, B. lactis, B. longum, and B. Bifidum. Known benefits of a probiotic-rich diet run the gamut from immune support to heart health, optimal digestion and lowering of anxiety and depression symptoms.

Why take pre- and probiotics together?

Prebiotic fibers like inulin, oligofructose, pectin, beta-glucans, and fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are an essential substance to feed beneficial gut bacteria and get the most out of your probiotic-rich diet plan or natural supplement routine.

Researchers agree that pre and probiotics act synergistically. The term ‘synbiotics’ refer to a combination of pre- and probiotics, and highlights the probiotic microorganisms’ survival improvement in the gastrointestinal tract directly from the addition of adequate prebiotics. In other words, take them together, folks!

Pre- and Probiotic Rich Foods

Here’s a list of pre- and probiotic-rich foods to get you started.

Prebiotic-rich foods

  • Whole Oats
  • Bananas & Apples
  • Flax seeds (ground) and Chia seeds
  • Burdock root (also called Gobo)
  • Onions & Garlic
  • Leeks
  • Yams
  • Legumes & Beans

Probiotic-rich foods

  • Kefir
  • Yogurt
  • Fermented Vegetables & Pickles
  • Miso
  • Raw Honey
  • Sauerkraut
  • Kimchi
  • Kombucha

Your ultimate microbiome reset

The gut microbiome has evolved with humans in a symbiotic relationship that nurtures our health via pathogen protection, immune system training, intestinal barrier integrity, and the creation of important nutrients like vitamins K and B, as well as short-chain fatty acids. Along with pre- and probiotics, a healthy microbiome diet and lifestyle includes the following musts:

Reduce sugar consumption & avoid artificial sweeteners

Excessive sugar intake (from sweets, convenience foods, or sugary drinks) and the use of artificial sweetening agents such as aspartame, saccharine, and sucralose have been linked with gut dysbiosis and impaired gut flora.

Avoid unnecessary antibiotic use

While antibiotics can be life-saving when used correctly, the overuse of antibiotics (and its consequences: antibiotic resistance) is a genuine and growing concern within the medical community. Misuse of antibiotics includes: sore throat, cough, bronchitis, stomach flu, and other viral infections. Misusing antibiotic disrupts gut microflora.

Manage stress levels

Healthy gut bacteria is sensitive to stress. For better gut health and a happy microbiome, practice stress management techniques like exercise and meditation, along with taking real measures in your life to lower sources of stress: declutter your schedule, learn to say ‘no’, and leave space in your calendar for rest and play.

Try the Four R’s: Remove, Repair, Replace, Re-inoculate

Remove known allergens and irritants from your diet, repair your gut with healing foods like healthy fats and greens, replace low-nutrient meals with nutrient-packed vibrant swaps, and re-inoculate your gut with prebiotic fibers and probiotic-rich cultures.

Should anyone NOT take prebiotics and probiotics?

Folks suffering from small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), a gastrointestinal disorder in which excessive bacteria populate the small intestine, have often been advised to skip probiotic-rich cultured foods along with avoiding the fermentable fibers that make up prebiotics. But yeast-based probiotics like Saccharomyces boulardii and SIBO-friendly fibers can make a healthy addition to a FODMAP and SIBO-approved diet.

For those who would like to improve their overall digestive health, a multi-strain probiotic supplement can be beneficial in promoting a healthy balance of gut bacteria. 

Article Sourced from: https://canprev.ca/blog/

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